Today we have a distorted view of the Constitution of the United States and the collective governing system it established, as evidenced by the reply to my comment on the equality of the States in the Union and the assembly and operation of our governing system. I think it’s important that we dispel these delusions and end the fallacy which is the current embodiment of our governing systems.
A reply to my comment:
What you are saying is All well and good but the times have changed. We no longer count slaves as assets for one. The representation is not equal. There are now 50 states. How many were there when the Constitution was written? Citizens of DC don't live in a state, several states such as North Dakota and Wyoming have 2 senators whilst the largest state - California has but 2 with many times the population. Maybe there should be a North California, a Central California and a South California, but even that would still be out of kilter. The House of Representatives is meant to be proportional but the gerrymandering over the years (by both parties) has skewed that to the advantage of some and the disadvantage of others. The Constitution is meant to be a working document, hence the Amendments. Its time to redo that document to reflect the changes in the country.
Slaves were never counted as assets, they were counted as 3/5 of a whole person for the purpose of apportioning representation and direct taxes to each State because of the mixed nature of their position in our society, to count them as whole persons for the purpose of apportioning representation would also count them as whole persons when taxes were assessed, but to not count them would deny representation to the State and reduce that State’s tax assessment also, the 3/5 rule was a compromise to balance a States representation in congress and their tax responsibility to prevent cheating to gain an advantage either way, but once they became free people they were required to count them as free people just like everyone else in the State, regardless of their previous condition as slaves, they were citizens of the State even as slaves, and after they were freed they were still citizens. The 14th amendment was an attempt to deny citizenship to freed slaves!
Representation is apportioned equally based upon an enumeration to determine the proportion of the aggregate population which resides in each State, and each State has equal representation and suffrage in the Senate, so the States are EQUAL in our government, that’s what makes the Senate our democracy, all the States are assembled as equals with equal suffrage to reach a majority consensus of all the States as equals, and the Senate has the power of concurrence over all laws and all treaties making the Senate the predominant governing institution and Established Government Authority.
There were 13 States in the Union when the Constitution of the United States was written and we have 50 today, but that does not change their equality, and the apportionment of representation in the house is designed to account for population growth and migration between the States to maintain the per capita apportionment of representation and direct taxes no matter how many states are in the Union. All the States are equal, thus have equal representation and suffrage in the Senate, their inequality in population is addressed by the per capita apportionment of representation, suffrage, and direct taxes in the House. The House and Senate are not separate, they are together to address the disparity between the States in their population and wealth, only the States are members of congress, only the States are apportioned representation and suffrage in congress to participate in the legislative processes of congress, all quorums to operate congress are by State, and all majority consensus are of All the States as the Union, their representatives and Senators only represent their States they are not members themselves, and therefore have absolutely no independent suffrage that they can prostitute by their party affiliation.
You cannot form congressional districts within each State, that can be gerrymandered, because the State is the district in the Federal Government system, and their representation in the House must be determined by the enumeration, and that proportion of representation in the House must be converted into a whole number of representatives by the calculation provided in Article 1 Section 2 Clause 3 of the Constitution of the United States, which requires a proportionality constant, 1 representative for every 30,000 persons within each State, and two boundary conditions to address any fractional representatives calculated, the first boundary condition is not to exceed the proportionality constant which requires any fractional representatives calculated to be truncated because rounding up will exceed the proportionality constant, the second is only for the condition where a State has a population less than the proportionality constant which will only calculate a fractional representative which will be truncated by the first boundary condition, and in that specific case, that State is entitled to 1 representative. When you finish the calculation of representatives, the proportion of the whole number of representatives must equal the proportion calculated by the enumeration.
The Constitution is not a working, or living, document, the articles actually are not amendable, hence the “Bill of Rights” which amended by addition to the Constitution, they did not amend any Articles already in the Constitution. That makes the Articles timeless, because they only establish how to assemble and operate congress as a legislative assembly governed by legislative processes to reach a majority consensus of all the States as the Union, then that legislative assembly determines, and establishes, all the other departments of government to manage the general affairs of the government under the direction of that legislative assembly.
By the way, Washington DC is not a State, and doesn’t need to be a State, for a reason, and the citizens of DC are not represented because no people are represented in the federal government, only the States are represented in the Federal government, the people are counted to apportion representation to each State, only the States pay federal taxes, only the States are members of the Union, and only the States as the Union make all the Collective decisions of their Union as the united States, in congress assembled, the Established Government Authority.
Sorry but parties are not included in that union and therefore they are precluded from participating in any aspect of congress including assembly of congress to determine the composition and control of congress, which is otherwise established unalterably by the Constitution of the United States, or to choose the government officials who preside over our governing system. By the way, Presidents preside over our governing system, they do not participate in our governing system!