It’s obvious that no one today has any idea how the Supreme Court is established or how it functions, much less the purpose of the Supreme Court.
[Article. III. Section. 1.
The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.]
So, Congress establishes the supreme and inferior Courts, which gives congress the authority to determine every aspect of the court from how it’s assembled to how it functions, the President only nominates to fill vacancies, which has absolutely nothing to do with how the court is assembled, and after the Senate makes the choice from the list of nominees provided by the President, a number and qualification requirements provided by the Senate, which constitutes their advice, then the President shall appoint that person chosen by the States as they assembled in the Senate.
Let’s get back to how the Supreme Court is established, since it is not established by the Constitution of the United States, we are bound by how the Court was established by the Articles of Confederation, which was not amended by the Constitution of the United States other than the pool of judges serve continually during “Good Behavior” and that a Chief Justice will be appointed to preside over the Court.
[The united states, in congress assembled, shall also be the last resort on appeal, in all disputes and differences now subsisting, or that hereafter may arise between two or more states concerning boundary, jurisdiction, or any other cause whatever; which authority shall always be exercised in the manner following. Whenever the legislative or executive authority, or lawful agent of any state in controversy with another, shall present a petition to congress, stating the matter in question, and praying for a hearing, notice thereof shall be given, by order of congress, to the legislative or executive authority of the other state in controversy, and a day assigned for the appearance of the parties by their lawful agents, who shall then be directed to appoint, by joint consent, commissioners or judges to constitute a court for hearing and determining the matter in question: but if they cannot agree, congress shall name three persons out of each of the united states, and from the list of such persons each party shall alternately strike out one, the petitioners beginning, until the number shall be reduced to thirteen; and from that number not less than seven, nor more than nine names, as congress shall direct, shall, in the presence of congress, be drawn out by lot, and the persons whose names shall be so drawn, or any five of them, shall be commissioners or judges, to hear and finally determine the controversy, so always as a major part of the judges, who shall hear the cause, shall agree in the determination: and if either party shall neglect to attend at the day appointed, without showing reasons which congress shall judge sufficient, or being present, shall refuse to strike, the congress shall proceed to nominate three persons out of each State, and the secretary of congress shall strike in behalf of such party absent or refusing; and the judgment and sentence of the court, to be appointed in the manner before prescribed, shall be final and conclusive; and if any of the parties shall refuse to submit to the authority of such court, or to appear or defend their claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless proceed to pronounce sentence, or judgment, which shall in like manner be final and decisive; the judgment or sentence and other proceedings being in either case transmitted to congress, and lodged among the acts of congress, for the security of the parties concerned: provided that every commissioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath to be administered by one of the judges of the supreme or superior court of the State where the cause shall be tried, “well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question, according to the best of his judgment, without favour, affection, or hope of reward: “provided, also, that no State shall be deprived of territory for the benefit of the united states.]
I included the whole clause of Article IX which establishes the original form of the Supreme Court because it elucidates why the court is assembled in this fashion, it’s because all the States must participate in forming the court because all the States have agreed to abide by the court’s decisions to resolve the conflicts and disputes between the States, as well as resolve their petitions for redress of grievances when a law which is properly made by a properly assembled legislature disproportionately disenfranchises or effects their State.
Also notice, there are no mutable decisions by the court, the court is making a decision as the last resort on appeal, meaning once a decision is made it cannot be overturned by a future court.
Today the Supreme Court is a pool of no less than 7 and no more than 9 judges, not including the Chief Justice who only presides over the court they do not participate in the court’s proceedings, and only 5 judges are chosen by lot starting with the petitioner, that means they reach in the bag and draw out a name, they don’t get to choose which judges hear the case. This is the only way to assemble a court that has the composition which is the result of those who are required to abide by the decisions of that court.